Congenital Foot Deformities

Congenital foot deformities are something you were born with. Many people are born with congenital foot deformities. Problems can range from having flat feet to having a high arched foot. Most people that are born with congenital foot deformities do not realize that they have any type of foot deformity until later in life. Below are three types of congenital foot deformities to go over.

Cavus Feet (High Arched Feet)

A cavus feet can be something that a person has had their whole lives or can also be a result of an accident, medical condition, or neurological problem. When one has a cavus feet, the person has a high-arched foot which puts an excessive amount of weight on your heel and the ball of your foot when standing. Often when a person has cavus feet they will have trouble fitting into shoes and eventually can lead to pain.

Cavus feet can be progressive and get worse with time or they can be static and one will not see any changes. Patients can typically see a variety of symptoms associated with cavus feet including hammertoes, chronic calluses, instability, chronic ankle sprains and trouble fitting into shoes. Treatment depends on the cause of the cavus foot and can vary from shoe modification to callus care to surgery.

Congenital Valgus Deformity (Flatfoot)

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is flattened. This is a common and painless condition that can occur when the arches don’t develop during childhood. Flat feet can also result from injury or develop from being overweight.  

Flat feet can cause pain, cramping in the calves, turning of the ankle, and burning. Treatment includes shoe modification, weight loss, therapy, rest, and in severe cases, surgery. 

Equinus (Tight Achilles Tendon)

Equinus is a disorder in which the Achilles tendon is tight and you have difficulty bringing the top of your foot towards the front of your leg. This can occur in one or both of your feet and can lead to a range of other problems in the foot.

This is another problem that can be from birth but can also be acquired from an accident or medical issue. High-heels can cause equinus if worn on a regular basis. Most diagnosis of equinus is made when a patient comes in for an associated problem or symptom from equinus. Treatment ranges from stretching to botox injections.